Year of selection 2012
Institution University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom
Solar flares are violent explosions on the Sun, associated with intense bursts of x-rays and extreme ultraviolet light, acceleration of subatomic particles to relativistic energies, and ejection of magnetised plasma into the solar system (Fig. 1). All of these phenomena can be detrimental to satellites and terrestrial systems such as power grids, which are increasingly regarded as essential infrastructure. In this context, the development of reliable solar flare forecasting is an important and long-standing goal of solar physics.
The dramatic power of solar flares comes from reconfigurations of the Sun’s complex magnetic field, which store and release energy in critical sites called active regions. Our goal is to develop and test novel flare prediction tools, using movies of the magnetic fields in these critical regions.
The questions we aim to address are:
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